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Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat diseases that occur in the gastrointestinal system.
What Do For Treat?
Gastroenterologists focus on specific areas of the GI system. This includes the oesophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas, etc. This overlaps a little with the care provided by general physicians, Ear Nose & Throat surgeons, Upper GI surgeons, and colorectal surgeons.
The following are common diseases and symptoms treated by a gastroenterologist:
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Gastro-Oeosphageal Acid reflux
- Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Polyps in the large intestine
- Gastrointestinal cancer
- Reflux esophagitis (caused by gastroesophageal disease)
- Bloody stool, cramping, bloating
These are specialists that focus on:
- The physiology or normal function of gastrointestinal organs
- The motility or movement of food through the digestive tract
- The digestion or breakdown of food
- The absorption of nutrients
- The removal of waste from the body
All normal activity and disorders pertaining to the digestive organs are treated by the gastroenterologist. They care for patients in an outpatient / clinic or hospital setting.